The music alphabet consists of the first seven letters of the English alphabet (A through G). Each white key is named with a letter. On the keyboard, the music alphabet proceeds from left to right. The lowest note on an 88-key instrument is A.

The white key to the left of every two-black key group is C. The white key to the left of every three-black key group is F.

The C closest to the center of the keyboard (typically closest to the manufacturer’s name) is Middle C.

To learn the names of the white keys:

  • Randomly choose a letter from the music alphabet and play every key with that name from bottom (left) to top (right), or top to bottom.
  • Randomly play keys and say their names.
  • Spell these words by playing a key for each letter:
fab
beg
face
gag
deed
ebbed
dad
gabbed
cabbage
deaf
cage
decade
bag
fed
babe
adage
ace
gaffe
badge
cafe
egg
faded
decaf
fad
edge
dabbed
age
Want more practice? Spell them backwards!