Notate Chords


Notate a C chord using whole notes:

Notate an F chord using whole notes:

Note Recognition


Scan these one-handed exercises for position changes. Sight play. Then write the letter name of each note in the blank.

Terminology Review


Sight play. Then label each element using the abbreviations shown in parentheses (see example in first measure).

Blocked Intervals (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th)
Quarter Rest (QR)
Half Rest (HR)
Tie (T)
Slur (S)
Pedal Mark (PM)
Fermata (F)
C Chord (C)
Tempo Marking (TM)

Octave Studies


An octave is the traditional name for the interval of an eighth – the distance from any C to the nearest C (up or down), or any D to the nearest D, etc. The octave symbol (“8”), often extended with a dashed line, means play one octave higher than written (when shown above the staff) or one octave lower than written (when shown below the staff):

The double octave symbol (“15”) means play two octaves higher (when shown above the staff) or two octaves lower (when shown below the staff):

These symbols are modern versions of the traditional 8va and 15ma, Italian abbreviations that are still used in some printed music.

Play the following one-handed octave studies, observing the octave symbols according to their position above or below the staff: