Review: A chord is three or more notes played at the same time. A chord with only three notes is a triad. Chords are built by stacking a series of notes a 3rd apart above a starting note called the root.

A chord can be inverted by shifting the top note down one octave to the bottom:

Or by shifting the bottom note up one octave to the top:

Inverting chords makes it easier to play chord progressions.

Practice the following warm-up until it’s easy to move between the C chord and inverted F and G chords: